Estremoz
 is a Portuguese town in the district of Évora, Alentejo, Central  Alentejo  sub-region, with about 8,000 inhabitants. It is the head of a municipality with about 15,000 inhabitants, divided into 13 villages. The city is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Sousel and Fronteira, northeast by Monforte, on the southeast by Borba, south by Redondo and west by Évora and Arraiolos.
It is internationally known for its white marble quarries. The exploitation of marble of Estremoz has a very ancient origin, as evidenced by the Roman Temple of Évora, and the altar of the Cathedral of Évora, containing marble originating in Estremoz.
Estremoz was awarded the distinction of "Outstanding Town’’ attributed by the kings of Portugal to many towns; was elevated to city status in 1926. It is a city closely linked to the history of Portugal. It stands out in the crisis of 1383-1385; it was one of the cities that rebelled in the Alentejo in favor of João de Aviz, shortly after the assassination of Count Andeiro in Lisbon. It was near Estremoz that accourred the first battle between the Portuguese and Spaniards at the time, the battle of Atoleiros, won by the first under the command of D. Nuno Alvares Pereira.


Patrimony

  • The Castle of Estremoz, Alentejo, located in the town of Estremoz, village of Santa Maria, District of Évora, Portugal. Erected in a dominant position on a hill north of the Serra da Ossa, had the primitive function of defending this area of Alentejo. Later becoming one of the most important strongholds of the Alentejo region, Estremoz has been linked to several episodes of the most decisive military history of Portugal. In it would die in 1336, Queen Santa Isabel. The medieval castle stands on top of a limestone hill, identifying elements of gothic, neoclassical and modern style. It’s wrapped around a fence of low battlements, covered by a large battlement reinforced with four semi-cylindrical turrets. On the south side, stands the Donjon Tower.
  • The Donjon Tower, also known as the Tower of the Three Kings or the Three CrownsTower, with 27 meters high, which was started in 1260 was completed under the reign of D. Fernando of Portugal, around 1370. At the time of the crisis of 1383-1385, the mayor João Mendes de Vasconcelos, sided by Castile and was summoned by the population to leave the castle. In 1384, the Constable D. Nuno Álvares Pereira installed here his headquarters, where Portuguese forces under his command would leave for combat, and win, the Castilian army at the Battle of Atoleiros.
    In the city fence, we highlight the Santarém Door and the Frandina Door. Inside the walls, there is the imponent ogival gallery of the House of Hearing, double arches supported by small marble columns with historiated chapiters, containing the old crest of the city. From the time of D. Manuel I remain the old Common Barn, covered by a ribbed ogival vault, and the Clock Tower.
  • Castle Évora Monte (or Evoramonte) is located in the village of Evoramonte, Estremoz county, district of Évora, Alentejo, Portugal. Erected in one of the highest points of the Serra da Ossa, in the village center, from the high of its walls masters a great extension around, till the Castle of Estremoz.
  • The Veiros Castle in High Alentejo, located in the town and village of Veiros, County of Estremoz, District of Évora, Portugal. It stands in a dominant position on a steep hill, integrating the defense made by the castles of Monforte, Campo Maior and Ouguela during the middle Ages.
  • The Chapel of São Brás is located in the Estate of Fainha, east and three miles from Evoramonte. The chapel is located in a place with traces of human presence since the Upper Paleolithic. Its construction dates from the thirteenth century, is attributed to the Templar Knights, and has undergone various reconstructions and changes in its structure over time, and around 1531 may have received a major reconstructive intervention due to an earthquake.
  • The Church of Santa Maria of Evoramonte met also the title of Nossa Senhora da Conceição. It is situated in the intramural area of the town, near the Freixo Door, it is a building of three naves, which in the sixteenth century, initiated by the Cardinal Infant D. Afonso, Bishop of Évora, replaced the earlier building, which already existed in 1359.
    The Parish Church of St Peter of Evoramonte is located in the downtown area of the town, having played the role of the village head extramural of that population. This is a building with three naves, from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, with the particularity to present, in the facade, a Gothic statue of the patron saint.
  • The Pillory of Estremoz is located in Estremoz and was built in the early sixteenth century, in the reign of D. Manuel I, in 1698, was removed from the front of the former Royal Palace of D. Dinis (now Pousada da Rainha Santa Isabel) into the yard of St. Andrew, opposite the Town Hall at the time. Between 1867 and 1871 was lowered from this site and scattered at an undisclosed location, and was rebuilt in 1916, and placed in the location where it is today. It keeps the original stem, and the helm of spire finial, all these elements of Manueline style.
  • The Bernardim Ribeiro Theatre in Estremoz, whose planning began in May 1st, 1916, has its origin linked to the establishment of a commission created for its construction. The field deployment of this property was donated, and stood on a street layout that had been'conquered' to the seventeenth century wall few years before, with an area for which the town of Estremoz expanded with some speed. The inauguration of the theater took place on July 22nd, 1922, having its construction passed in association of shareholders. Later the City of Estremoz would take care of this jewel of Portuguese theater. It has been assigned the name of the Alentejo citizen Bernardim Ribeiro in honor of this sixteenth-century poet.
  • In gastronomy, dishes of "Pork", "Lamb", "Veel", the "Alentejanas Soups", the "açordas" and "migas" highlight the diversity of our cuisine, linked to the countryside, preserved with all its cultural importance, representing a contribution to developing and promoting the rich heritage of the county and enhancing our abilities in the area of tourism. Assuming its sociocultural and economic importance, the cuisine is also an integral part of tourism quality  that this city of Estremoz  can offer.
  • The wines are also an almost mandatory requirement for their incomparable quality and unique taste of a region famous and generous for Bacchus.

    For other useful information check the website: www.cm-estremoz.pt

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